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UNIT 13 FILM AND CINEMA
I. Circle the word that has the underlined letter(s) pronounced differently from that/ those of the others.
photo form of fiction
orphan enough cough neighbour
magazine thousand scientist musical
zone amaze busy seizure
century picture cinema silent
actor violent story listen
character change cheerful achieve
high sigh weight laugh
II.What word or phrase is being defined?
1.Aperson who performs in films. _______actor______
A play or film, and part of the story is sung to music __________________
A person who makes films. __________________
The people who watch a film. __________________
A part of a film __________________
A person in a film. __________________
Th.most important actors in a film. __________________
A movie in which voices and other __________________
sounds are not heard.
II. Complete the passage with the suitable words from the box.
comments comic director combined character
moustache knight silent funny big
Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) was an English film actor and (1) ……… who did most of his work in the US. Most people consider him the greatest comic actor of the (2) ……. cinema. He appeared in many of his films as the hest-known (3) ………. he created, a poor man with a small (4)………. and trousers and shoes that are too (5) ………. for him, causing him to walk in a (6) ……….. way . He made many short (7) ………. films, such asThe Kid(1921), and several longer films, such as CityLights(1931) andModern Times(1936), which (8) ……..comedy with social and political (9)………….. He was madea (10)………. in 1975
IV. Choose the correct word.
1. At firstIthought Jake was aninteresting/ interestedguy. but tonight Isomewhatboring/ boredwith his company.
She has really learnt very fast. She has madeastonishing/ astonished progress.
it was verydisappointing/ disappointednot to get the job.
Philip was exceptionallyannoying/ annoyedat Joanne”s behaviour.
1 thought the program on wildlife wasfascinating/ fascinated.I was absolutelyfascinating/ fascinated.
We werethrilling/ thrilledto hear your good news.
It was reallyterrifying/ terrifiedexperience. Afterwards everybody was veryshocking/ shocked.
The journey took all day and night. They found it verytiring/ tired:
Did Tim feelfrightening/ frightenedwhen he saw the snake at his feet?
Why do you always look soboring/ bored.Is your life really so boring/
Read the conversation between Alice and her friend, Jake. Complete it with the correct form of the words in parentheses. Choose between-edand – ingparticipial adjectives.
Alice : That was a very (1) …………(interest) movie. What did you think?
Jake : To be honest. I found it kind of (2)……………….(bore). I”m not that (3) ………. (interest) in science fiction.
Alice : Really? I find it (4) ……… (fascinate). What kind of movie do you enjoy?
Jake: Mostly comedies. Have you seen Home. Again?
Alice: Yes, but J wasn”t (5) ……… …(amuse) at all. In fact I thought it was (6) …………. (horrify). The story line was (7) ……….. (confuse), and I couldn”t find any humor in the characters” problem. When Hell the theater, I felt kind of (8) ……………….(depress).
Jake : I”m (9) ……….. (amaze) that you felt that way! I thought it was very (10) ……….. (amuse).
Alice : Well, I guess it”s a matter of taste.
Jake : Speaking of taste, would you like to get a bite to eat?
Alice : Thanks, but it”s late and I”m (11) ……….(exhaust).
Choosethe correct answer.
1. “Do you think Margaret will take the job you offered her”?” “I don”t know. She seemed …….. in it, however.
a. interest b. interesting. c. interested d. interestingly
2. “The students all went to the circus yesterday.” I heard it was really
a. amused b. amusing c. amuse d. amusingly
3. was ………… that Jan couldn”t come to the party.” “Her boss made her work overtime.”
a. disappointing b. disappointedly
c. disappoint d. disappointed
4. “What a terrible football game!” I thought it was
a. delightful b. delighting c. delight d. delighted
5. “How ……. we are to hear that you got the scholarship!” `Thank you. It was really a surprise.”
a. pleasing b. pleased c. pleasingly d. please
6. “Professor Allen”s class is the best I have ever been to.” I think it”s ……….. a. the most boring b. the most boringly c. the most bored d. most bored
7. “I can”t believe that Jim is marrying the vice-president”s daughter.” `That they would get married is …….
a. surprised b. surprisingly c. surprising d. surprise
8. “How does Jane like her new car? “She”s ………. with it.
a. delighted b. delighting c. delight d. delightful
9. “This handmade cloth is beautiful.” ……….. “To see such quality is
a. pleasing b. please
c. pleased d. so pleasantly
10. “You look nervous.” This thunder makes me……….
a. scary b. scare c. scaring d. scared
11. “The cabaret was amusing” `Claire was certainly ………… She couldn”t stop laughing.”
a. amuse b. amused c. amusing d. abusive
12. I think the way Jessica behaved was quite ……….”Yes, I think so.”
a. shock b. shocked c. shocking d. shockingly
VII. Rewrite the following sentences, usingIt wasnot until
1. No one could leave the stadium until 2.30.
She weren”t allowed to open her presents until her birthday.
We didn”t have any holiday until last summer.
She didn”t stop learning German until the age of 24.
I couldn”t finish my project until Mark helped me.
I didn”t sleep until midnight.
They didn”t pay the bill until the electricity was cut off.
I couldn”t comment further until I had all the information.
VIII. Put ina/ anorthewhere necessary. Leave an empty space (-) if sentence is already complete.
1. I don”t usually like staying at ………. hotels, but last summer wespent a few days at……….. very nice hotel by ………… sea.
2. tennis is my favorite sport. I play once or twice ……….. week if I can, but I”m not……… very good player.
3. I won”t be home for ……….. dinner this evening. I”m meetingsome friends after ………work and we”re going to ……….. cinema.
4. ………. unemployment is very high at the moment and it”s very difficult for ……… people to find …………. work.
5. There was ……….. accident as.I was going ………… home last night. Two people were taken to ………….. hospital. I think …………most accidents are caused by ………… people driving too fast.
6. Carol is ……….. economist. She used to work in ………… investment department of ………. Lloyds Bank. Now she works for …..American bank in ………… United States.
7. A: What”s ……….. name of ………..hotel where you”re staying?
B: ……… Imperial. It”s in ……….. Queen Street in ………..city center. It”s near ……….station.
8. I have two brothers. ……….. older one is training to be ………pilot with British Airways. ………… younger one is still at………. school. When he leaves ………… school, he hopes to go to……………. university to study …………. law.
IX. Choose the correct answer to fill in each blank.
1 .”Look outside. ……….. sky is getting very dark.” `I hope there isn”tgoing to be a storm.”
a. A b. The c. θ d. Some
2. I”d like to invite him to ………..dinner next week, if that”s OK with
a. a b. the c.θ d. an
3. “I”m going out for a walk. Have you seen my shoes?” “Yes, they”re on floor in ……….kitchen.”
a. a/ the b. the/ the c. a / a d. the/ a
4. “Do you see the video store? I was sure it was on ……… Main Street.’I think it”s on ……… side street. but I”m not sure which one.”
a. the/ the b. the/ a c. a /θ d.θ/a
5. “Would you like ice cream? There”s one in ……. fridge.” “Thanks.”
a. an/ the b. an/ a c.θ/ the d. a/ the
6. °We”d better go. We”ve been here for ……….hour.” “That was………….. fastest hour I”ve ever spent.”
a. a/ the b. an/ the c. an/ a d.θ/ the
7. Don”t forget we”re meeting on …………Friday for ………… lunch.
a. a/ a b. a/ θ c. θ / the d/ θ / θ
8. “I”ve got ………headache. I”ve had it all day” “Why don”t you go to
health center? It”s open until six.”
a. a/ a b.θ/ the c. a/ the d. a/θ
9, “I”ve got some problems with my phone bill.
Can 1 see someone about it?’ Yes, go to fifth floor, ………..lift is along the corridor.”
a. the/ A b. the/ The c.θ!A d. the/θ
10. “Excuse me. I”d like to rent ……….. new game.” Here you are. Sega Genesis. Please take it to ………… cashier over there.”
a. al the b. the/ the c.θ/ the d. a/ a
X. Read the passage carefully, then choose the correct answers.
From as early as the 1920s millions of Americans were moviegoers. In the beginning, movies had simple plots and were quickly over. Often they lasted only fifteen minutes. The first Western,The Great.Train Robbery,had three small scenes – a train robbery, a pursuit on horseback, and a surprise ending where the crook pointed his gun at the movie audience and fired.
During the 1900s, Hollywood and New Jersey were competitors for the movie industry. New Jersey was desirable because so many actors and actresses worked on Broadway, which is near New Jersey. However, all filming had to take place outside where the light was strong enough. As a result, Hollywood, nestled in the hills of sunny southern California, became the better choice for year-round filming.
By the 1920s, Hollywood films became a booming industry. Actors such as Charlie Chaplin were making S 10,000 per week instead of a few dollars perday on Broadway. Directors began producing longer movies with more placated plots. In time, Hollywood stood for films and the rich people who starred in them.
1. According to paragraph 1, what kind of movies were being produce: the general general public?
a. Slow-moving and silent films
b. Short movies with simple story lines.
c. Black and white movies
d. Movies that were filmed outdoors.
2. According to paragraph 2, what was the main reason that Hollywood, came a prime location for making films?
Many actors and actresses worked there.
All films had to take place outside.
Southern California has a year-round sunny climate.
The city government promised a tax break if movie companies relocated.
3. According to paragraph 3, what did Hollywood come to symbolize?
The film industry and its glamorous movie stars.
The center of Broadway entertaining.
The ultimate vacation spot for the rich.
A ideal place for film makers.
4. It can be inferred from the passage that ……………..
in the future, Hollywood willproduce longer and moreexpensiveworks.
nowadays, movies attract more audiences than plays.
Hollywood movies are admired by audiences all over the world.
before the rise of the film, Broadway was the place where actorseachbecome famous.
5. According to the passage, which of the following is true?
New Jersey was attractive because great actors worked on road
Because of its sunny weather, Hollywood became the capital of film m: By the 1920s, film makers earned more money than actors.
d. Hollywood had an enormous influence on the American culture.
TEST FOR UNIT 13
I. PRONUNCIATION .
A. Choose the word that has the underlined part pronounced differed” from that of the others.
1 . a.audience b. laugh c.August d. taught
2. a. silent b. film c. thriller d. situation
3. a. century b. picture c. fiction d. question
4. a. enough b. tough c. cough d. though
5. a. scene b. detective c. century d. adventure
B. Choose the word whose main stress isplaced differentlyfrom that ofthe others.
1. a. history b. audience c. cinema d. existence
2. a. develop b. discover c. introduce d. prepare
3. a. disaster b, voyage c. luxury d. character
4. a. adventure b. detective c. disgusting d. violent
5. a. cartoon b. fiction c. terrify d. interest
II. VOCABULARYAND EXPRESSION
Choose the word or phrase – b, c, or d – that best completes the sentence or substitutes for the underlined word or phrase.
1. Chaplin”s movies captivated ……… throughout the world.
a. scientists b. musicians c. directors d. audiences
There”s a love story in it, and it”s very funny. I suppose you”d call it a……………..
a. horror film b. detective film c. romantic comedy d. thriller
Steven Spielbera is one of the famous ……… . He has made lots of films includingjaw, Jurassic Park, Schindler”s List,etc.
a. stars b. directors c. actors d. script “writers
The film is ………….. two Women who drive across America
a. on b. of c: about d. over
5. The main …………. is played by Nicole Kidman.
a. actress b. character c. director d. film maker
6.Silence of the Lambsis a ………… film. It makes the audience scared.
a. disaster b. science fiction c. action d. horror
7. The film is ………… the 1940s, during the Second World War.
a. made for b. based on c. set in d. occurred in
8.Phantom of the Operais a popularmusicalwritten by AndreLloyd Webber.
a. play or film in which there are a lot of songs
b. part of the story performed by musicians
c. series shown on television or the radio
d. play performed by singers and orchestra
9. The movieSchindler “s Listwas ………. on the novelSchindler c Arkwritten by the Australian write Thomas Keneally.
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a. based b. depended c. played d. performed
10. Charlie Chaplin is considered as the greatest comic actor of the
a. musical cinema b. commercial film
c. romantic comedy d. silent cinema.
III. GRAMMAR AND STRUCTURE
A. Choose the word or phrase a, b, c, or d – that best completes sentence.
1. She thought the film far ………. to children.
a. violent enough to show b. so violent that not to show
c. too violent to snow. d. too violent not to show
There”s an ……….. film on at the local cinema.
a. interest b. interesting c. interested d. interesting;.
We went to ………… last night.
a. a awful film b. an awful film c. the awful film d. awful film
They”ve just started ……….. a film of the novel.
a. shoot b. shot c. shooting d. being shot
The film ………..after weeks of protest by religious groups.
a. was finally released
b. finally released
c. finally have released
d.was released finally who the music was by.
We stayed for the film credits
a. for seeing b. in order see c. seeing d. to see
Frank works as .
a. a security guard at a film studio.
b. a security guard at filmstudio.
c. the security guard at the film studio.
d. security guard at a film stud.
This film tells the remarkable story of ……… actor.
a. a disabled b. the disabled c. disabled d. an disabled
The movie was so ……… that we couldn”t sleep last night.
a. thrill b. thrilling c. thrilled d. thriller
It”s hard to tell with Alice. Her mood are always very
a. surprise b. surprised c. surprising d. being surprise:
There isn”t …….. airport near where I live. …….. nearest airport is -miles away.
a. a/ The b. an/ The c. the/ The d. the! A
This young director …… four films so far. His recent film……….. Oscar for Best Director.
a. made/ won b. has made/ has won c. made/ has won d. has made/
“You look ……….. when you see ine.””Yes.1 think you are in China.”
a. astonish b. astonishing c. astonished d. astonish
It was not until one was found the search for a star
a. will stop b. would stop c. didn”t stop d. wouldn”t stop
The actress couldn”t attend the awards ceremony so she had a representative ………the award for her.
a. accept b. accepted c. accepting d. acceptance
B. Identify the one underlined word or phrase – A, B, C or D that must be changed for thesentence to be correct.
1. Some movie fans can”tseparatefantasyfromreality andconfusedan actorwith the character he
A B C
2. We”realwaysamazingbyJohn”sincredibletravel stories.
A B C D
A B C D
4.Thecomedian workedhardlytoentertainthechildrenin the hospital.
A B C D
5.Thecritic”sdescriptionof the film made itsoundveryappealed.
A B C D
6. Part ofthe entertainmentof seeing a movie is understanding how the directorcombinationarange
A B C
of different styles toattainan artistic goal.
7.The moviesare one of the most popularformsofentertainment.
A B C D
8.It was notuntil theyhad seenthe movie starsthe crowdoutside the moviewouldnot disperse.
A B C D
9. Thefilm”srepresentation of world povertythroughthe character ofhungry childwas quite
A B C
10.Theactors left the hotelseparatelyin orderavoidattractinga lot of attention.
A B C D
Choose the most appropriate phrases or sentences that best complete the conversation.
No, I don”t like them very much. I think they”re so violent. (2)……………………
They”re OK. (3) ………………………..
Well, I like romantic films and science fiction films.
Well, it”s difficult to say. But I suppose I prefer romantic films.
A: (5) …………………………………….
B: Julia Robert. I really like her.
A (6) ……………………………..
B: He”s OK. But my favorite .actor is Mel Gibson.
A Me too. There”s a new Mel Gibson movie at the Elmwood Theater. (7) …………….
1 . a. Do you like films? b. Do you like action films?
c. Which film do you like? d. How do you like action
a. Do you?. b. Like you?
c. How are you? d. How do
a. What film do you like best?
b. What would you like?
c. What kind of film do you like?
d. What sort of film you like?
4. a.Do you prefer romantic films or science fiction film?
b. Which you like best: romantic films or science fiction film?
c. Which do you prefer” romantic films or science fiction film?
d. Do you like romantic films or science fiction film?
a. Who”s your favorite actress?
b. Who are the best actress?
c. Which actress you like best?
d. What”s your favorite actress?
6. a. Have you ever seen Tom Cruise?
b. Do you like Toni Cruise?
c. Is Tom Cruise the actor you like”?
d. How about thinking of Tom Cruise?
7. a. Why not to go to the cinema?
c. What about tonight?
b. Let”s et) to see it tonight.
d. Do you like to see it tonight?
V. READING COMPREHENSION
A. Choose the correct words or phrases that best complete the passage.
The popularity of the movies began early in the 20th century and continues today. People of all ages find movies (1) ………. Movies are a worldwide phenomenon, as the internationalism of movie distribution has helped to (2) ………….ideas around the globe. One movie can quickly influence other movies. But why are movies so popular”?
Movies are a kind of storytelling. They try to describe an idea or record an observation about our- culture. These (3) ……… are recorded using moving visual images. Some movies portray the situation accurately and realistically,whereas other movies find visual symbols to (4) ……….those situations.
On the most simple level, movies are a secession of (5) ………. images. These successive mages are captured on film. Directors film a wide of shots long, medium, and close up – to create a visual composition. The visual images, along with plot, characterization, and sound, produce the desired narrative: The shots are joined together in any number of combinations in a(7) …….. called editing.
Making a film is a massive, complex, and expensive task that (8) ……. art and “bossiness. Making a movie the talents of hundreds, and some‑times thousands, of artists, producers, and business people. It can take months, even years, for a film to be (10) ……… into a movie theater.
a. thrilling b. entertaining c. terrifying d. amusing
a. break b. change c. disperse d. show
a. descriptions b. combinations c. observations d. introductions
a. influence b. record c. replace d. represent
a. move b. moving c. moved d. movement
a. row b. range c. series d. line
a. process b. product c. progress d. project
a. connects . b. describes e. combines d. contains
a. involves b. developes c. attains d. touches
a. released b. moved c. delivered d. sent
B. Choose the correct answers.
Up to about 1915, movies were short and programs were Made up of several works. Then, D. W. Griffith and others began to make longer films that provided the same powerful emotional appeal as did melodrama and presented spectacles far beyond what the theater could offer. Consequently, after World War I increasing numbers of spectators deserted the theater for the movies. This trend was accelerated in the late 1920s as a result: of two new elements. In 1927sound was added to the previously silent film, and thus one of the theater”s principal claims to superiority vanished. In 1929 a serious economic depression began. Since audiences could go to the movies for a fraction of what it cost to see a play, theater going became a luxury that few could afford, especially as the depression deepened.
By the end of World War II, the American theater had been reduced to about thirty theaters in New York City and a small umber of touring, companies originating there.
1.One thing that movies could do better than the theater was to ……………………
a. provide longer programs. b. provide emotional appeal.
c. provide more melodrama. d. provide greater spectacle.
2.Up to the 1920s one objection to film was that………………..
a. they were too short. b. they were silent.
c. they were too expensive. d. they did not tell a complete
3. One thing that made people choose the movies over the theater was…………………..
a. World War I.
b. the fact that films were less expo
c. the fact that films were silent.
d. the fact that films were shorter.
4. By the end of the World War II, …………………
a. theater had become entertainment for the masses.
b.. the theater was no longer considered a luxury.
c. professional theatrical performances were confined mainly to NewYork
d. There were no theatrical performances outside of New York City.
5. When the author of this paragraph says “this trend was acceleratedinlate 1920s% he means that…………………….
a. many more people went to the theater than to the movies.
b. the shift away from the movies to the theater was slowed down.
c. the popularity of the theater was gradually increasing.
d. the shift away from the theater to the movies was speeder up.
Choose the sentence which has a similar meaning to the sentence printed before,
1. The film”s ending is dramatic.
a. The end of the film is a drama.
b. The film has a dramatically
c. The film ends dramatically.
d. The end is filming dramatic‑
The clown amused the children.
a. The clown had the children amusing.
b. The children found the clown
c. The clown made the children amuse.
d. The children were amusing the clown.
The film didn”t come up to my expectation.
a. The film wasn”t as good as I expected.
b. I expected the film to belonger.
c. The film didn”t end as I expected.
d. I expected the film to be released sooner.
4. The film excited us all a lot.
a. The film had a lot excitement.
b. We were exciting about all of the film.
c. The film made all of us feel a lot of excited.
d. All of us were excited about the film.
5. It doesn”t matter to them which film they go to,.
They never go to the movie whatever film is shown.
They don”t mind which film they go to.
They like seeing every film they go to.
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Which film they go to matters more than the cost.
I. 1. of 3. Scientist 5. picture 7. character
2.neighbour 4. seizure 6. listen 8. laugh
II. 2. musical 4. audiences 6. character 8. silent movie
3. director/ film maker 5. Scene 7. stars
III. 1. director 3. silent 5. causing 7. comic
2. greatest 4. character 6. funny 8. social
IV. 1 interesting – bored 5. fascinating- fascinated 9. frightened
2. astonishing 6. thrilled 10. bored – boring
3. disappointing 7. terrifying – shocked
4. annoyed 8. tiring
V. 1. interesting 4. fascinating 7. confusing 10. amusing
2. boring 5. amused 8. depressed 11. exhausted
3. interested 6. horrifying 9. amazed
VI. 1. c 2. b 3. d 4. a 5. b 6. a 7. c 8. a 9. a 10. d 11. b 12. c
VII.1 . It was not until 2.30 that everyone could leave the stadium.
2. It was not until her birthday that she were allowed to open her presents.
3. It was not until last summer that we had a holiday.
4. It was not until the age of 24 that she stopped learning German.
5. It was not until Mark helped me that I could finish my project.
6. It was not until midnight that I slept.
7. It was not until the electricity was cut off that they paid the bill.
8. It was not until I had all the information that I could comment farther.
9. It was not until the 1930s that the electric guiter was developed for pop music.
10. She promised to come at seven o’clock, but it was not until half past seven
that she showed up.
VIII. 1. ɸ – a – the 5. an – ɸ – ɸ/ (US) the – ɸ – ɸ
2.ɸ – a – a 6. an – the ɸ – an – the
3. ɸ – ɸ – the 7. the – the – the – ɸ – the – the
4. ɸ – ɸ – ɸ8. The – a – ɸ – The – ɸ – ɸ – ɸ – ɸ
IX.1. b 2. c 3. b 4. d 5. a 6. b 7. d 8. c 9. b 10. a
X. 1. d 2. c 3. a 4. b 5. c
XL. 1. It was not until the war ended that he returned to his native village.
2. Tan finds astronomy interesting.
3. Not until the following year was he able to take trp the post.
4. The joke (that) I told them made all of them laugh.
5. She has worked as an actress for ten years.
6. He’s not old enough to appreciate such a film.
7. By the time we got to the cinema the film had already started.
8. The cinema was so far from the city center that no one went there.
9 .I wish there were enough time to do something about it.
10. Jane is interested in collecting stamps from foreign countries.
TEST FOR UNIT 13
I.A. 1. b 2. a 3. c 4. d 5. a
B. 1. d 2. c 3. a 4. d 5. a
II. 1. c 2. c 3. b 4. c 5. b 6. d 7. c 8. b 9. a 10. b
11. d 12. c 13. a 14. a 15. d
III.A. 1. c 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. a 6. d 7. a 8. a 9. b 10. c
11. b 12. b 13. c 14. b 15. a
B. 1. c (confuse) 4. b (hard) 7. a (Movies) 10. c (to avoid)
2. b (amazed) 5. d (appealing) 8. d (would)
3. a (Moviemaking) 6. b (combines) 9. c (tile hungry child)
IV. 1. b 2. a 3. c 4. c 5. a 6. b 7. b
V.A. 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. d 5. b 6 .b 7. a 8. c 9. a 10. a
B. 1. d 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. d
VI. 1. b 2. c 3. a 4. d 5. b